S. Antoninus. The famous Dominican Archbishop of Florence,
born at Florence, 1 March, 1389; died 2 May, 1459. His feast day is 10 May.
His chief literary work is the Summa Theologica Moralis, partibus
IV distincta, written shortly before his death, and marking a very
considerable development in moral theology. Crohns in his Die Summa
theologica des Antonin von Florenz und die Schützung des Weibes im
Hexenhammer, Helsingfors, 1903, has set out to show that the very
pronounced misogyny which is apparent in the Malleus Maleficarum
can be traced to the Summa of S. Antoninus. But Paulus,
Die Verachtung der Frau beim hl. Antonin, in
Historisch-Politische Blütter, 1904, pp. 812-30, has
severely criticized this thesis, which he declares to be untenable.
Within fifty years after the first appearance of the Summa of
S. Antoninus, fifteen editions were printed at various important centres of
learning. Many other editions followed, and in 1740 it was issued at Verona
in four volumes, folio, edited by P. Ballerini; in 1741 at Florence by two
Dominicans, Mamachi and Remedelli.